Plants

bottle tree
Adenium obesum ssp. socotranum

The remarkable biodiversity of the Socotra archipelago is largely due to its particularly original flora. Of the over 835 known plant species on the islands, at least 310 are endemic, meaning that they thrive nowhere else. What made the island famous perhaps the most noteworthy of all plant life but specifically succulent species, frankincense species and dragoon blood trees products which are used in traditional treatment till today and it has been exported to worldwide through the ancient history. Because of such high diversity and endemism in plant, Socotra has been preserved by United Nation Development Program and has been declared a WWF global 200 Ecoregion, a plant life international Center of plant Diversity are include in Horn of Africa Biodiversity Hotspot. All these added to designation of UNESCO Worde Heritage Site and UNESCO man and Biosphere Reserve.

There are three species among the most appealing to many people as Dracaena cinnabari, the Dragoon’s blood tree, the unique desert rose as pictured opposite but Socotra archipelago has also some remarkable beautiful smaller plants including succulent such as Caralluma socotrana and three endemic species of aloes.

I want to draw your attention here if you are interested in botanic let me know in order to book for you English speaking guide has enough knowledge about plants and where to find them.

The use of Dragoon Blood Tree: the resin the most major export from the island a part spice trade of the region. It was used as varnish and dye as incense and body oil. Dragoons blood was also in demand for numerous medicinal purposes, including as coagulant, a fever reducer and to treat ulcers, diarrhea, and dysentery and skin condition. It is still used today as medicinal purpose and also used as decoration Socotri handcraft.

You can refer to this book for botanic detailed information: Ethnoflora of the Socotra Archipelago written by Anthony Miller and Miranda Morris (2004).